Everyone knows the first “talkie” was Al Jolson’s 1927 “The Jazz Singer” (well . . . we’ll get to that in the next post), but the first color movie? Not so simple. Turns out, it depends on your definition of “color” and of “movie,” and even then, there are disagreements.
In 1908, a process called Kinemacolor was invented in England and an 8-minute film called “A Visit to the Seaside” is believed to have been the first film shown using that process. I couldn’t find a snippet of that film but did come across this 1912 Kinemacolor movie of Venice that is worth watching, especially if you’ve ever been to Venice! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q_JaM2vgOJU
But before 1908, black and white films were often tinted, either by hand or by being shot through colored filters, so the Kinemacolor films were not really the first. Check out this astonishing 1900 film of Joan of Arc, hand tinted, with a floating angel for special effects. It’s only 9 minutes but it must have knocked the socks off the audience of its day. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Oq_7T5IHsgA
The invention of Technicolor—a process that used two (1917), and later three (1928), separate colored film strips and blended them, made better, more realistic colors. “The Wizard of Oz,” a Technicolor marvel released in 1939, was far from the first color movie, but it has that reputation, probably because it was the first color movie that many Depression-era children saw, and it made a huge impression on the entire generation.